About Australia

Waterfall Lying between the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Australia is 7,686,850 square kilometers (or 2,977,909 square miles) – approximately the same size as the United States of America, 33 times the size of Great Britain and the only nation to cover an entire continent. It is the world’s sixth largest country, being a federation of six states and two territories, with a population of 21.5million people.

Entry Formalities

The Australian Department of Immigration requires that all visitors except Australian and New Zealand passport holders be in possession of an entry visa.For further information please visit http://www.immi.gov.au

Customs

Please visit Australian Customs and Border Protection Service on http://www.customs.gov.au for further infomation on customs procedures and regulations on arrival in Australia.

Voltage

Australia’s electrical outlets are different to those overseas with a 3-pin plug and 220/240 volt being the standard. Leading hotels usually supply 110 voltage plugs for razors and small appliances.

Water

Tap water is safe to drink throughout Australia.

Currency

The official currency is the Australian Dollar. Notes are in the denomination of $5, $10, $20, $50, $100 and coins are 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, $1, $2.

Business hours

General retail trading hours throughout Australia are:
Monday to Friday 9.00 am to 5.30 pm
Saturday 9.00 am to 4.00 pm
Sunday 9.00 am to 4.00 pm
(major shopping districts)
Late night shopping is available in major cities on varying nights of the week.

Hotel Categories

To assist you in selecting the category of the hotels, the following classification is used as a guide only and is not an official hotel star rating classification.
Deluxe ***** First Class **** Moderate ***

Driving Licenses

Tourists may drive in Australia on a valid overseas driver’s license for the same class of vehicle. Licenses not in the English language must have a translation with the permit. For further information please visit the appropriate State’s Road Transport Authority website , for example in New South Wales , please visit http://www.rta.nsw.gov.au

Taxes

A Goods and Services Tax of 10% applies.

Passenger Movement Charge(Departure Tax)

The Australian Government has increased the rate of the Passenger Movement Charge (PMC) by $8 from $47 to $55 with effect from 1 July 2012 and this charge is included in most air fares and collected directly by the Airlines. 

Climate

Spring: September, October, November
Summer: December, January, February
Autumn: March, April, May
Winter: June, July, August

National holidays

  • 01 Jan New Years Day
  • 25 Apr Anzac Day
  • 26 Jan Australia Day
  • 25 Dec Christmas Day
  • 29 Mar Easter Good Friday
  • 26 Dec Boxing Day
  • 1 Apr Easter Monday

Each state has its own particular public holidays in addition to the national holidays specified above.

Travel time by air (hours:minutes)

  Adelaide A Springs Brisbane Cairns Canberra Darwin Hobart Melb Perth Sydney
Adelaide   2:00 2:15 4:25* 1:10 3:35 2:10* 1:05 3:00 1:40
A Springs 2:00   0:55 3:00 3:35* 1:55 3:40* 2:35 3:40 2:45
 Brisbane 2:15 0:55   1:20 1:55 4:10 3:20* 2:15 6:15* 1:15
Cairns 4:25* 3:00 1:20   3:30* 2:30 4:20* 3:10 6:20* 2:50
Canberra 1:00 3:35* 1:55 3:30*   5:10* 2:10* 1:00 5:00* 0:40
Darwin 3:35 1:55 4:10 2:30 5:10*   5:50* 4:40* 4:30 4:10
Hobart 2:10* 3:40* 3:20* 4:20* 2:10* 5:50*   1:05 4:50* 1:50
Melbourne 1:05 2:35 2:15 3:10 1:00 4:40* 1:05   3:40 1:05  
Perth 3:00 3:40 6:15* 6:20* 5:00 4:30 4:50* 3:40   3:55
Sydney 1:40 2:45 1:15 2:50 0:40 4:10 1:50 1:05 3:55  

* indicates indirect flight.

Distance by road (km)

  Adelaide A Springs Brisbane Cairns Canberra Darwin Hobart Melb Perth Sydney
Adelaide   1690 1500 1898 1210 3212 1412 745 2749 1431
A Springs 1690   756 2336 2753 1522 3102 2435 3767 2929
Brisbane 1500 756   1434 1295 3493 2403 1736 4390 1027
Cairns 1898 2336 1434   3139 2797 3900 3233 6016 2868
Canberra 1210 2753 1295 3139   4229 1322 655 3812 304
Darwin 3212 1522 3493 2797 4229   4624 3957 4342 4060
Hobart 1412 3102 2403 3900 1322 4624   667 4161 1560
Melbourne 745 2435 1736 3233 655 3957 667   3494 893
Perth 2749 3767 4390 6016 3812 4342 4161 3494   3988
Sydney 1431 2929 1027 2868 304 4060 1560 893 3988